Sikkim Trek

 
Sikkim encompasses the upper valley and the source of the Teesta River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra. Roughly square in shape, the country is bounded to the north, east and west by three watershed ridges; the eastern and northern border is with Tibet whilst the western border with Nepal runs along the Singalila Ridge, a spur of Kanchenjunga. The southern border with West Bengal is formed by the mountain rivers Rangit and Rangpo, both of them tributaries of the Teesta. Nowadays Sikkim proper begins at the foot of the mountains, but in former times encompassed Darjeeling and Kalimpong. Sikkim's landscape is dominated by the massif of Kanchenjunga and its 31 kilometre long (18.6 miles) Zemu glacier on the western border.

The long Teesta valley, traversing the whole country from north to south, allows the summer monsoon rain to push far to the north at its highest level of intensity. As a result of these large amounts of rainwater many narrow valleys were deeply cut into the rather soft stone (Daling slate) in the south. Level surfaces can be found only in the most extreme north (High Sikkim), where the dryness has created a treeless alpine steppe. Its barren high surfaces and mountains covered with rubble and boulder formations mark the transition to the highlands of Tibet. Owing to the heavy precipitation, the mountainous landscapes of upper and lower Sikkim are heavily forested. In the lower levels can be found the wet sal forest - a hardwood related to teak and host to more than 600 species of orchids. As you ascend, you pass through a great variety of forest landscapes - tropical evergreen mountain and rain forests, characterized by tree ferns and epiphytes.

Higher still there is bamboo, oak, beech, chestnut, giant magnolia, rhododendron trees and, highest of all, various species of conifers. The tree line itself varies from 3,600 to 4,200 meters (12,000 to 14,000ft) above sea level. In Sikkim tropical plants of different climatic regions mix as nowhere else in the Himalaya. A corresponding variety exists in the animal world, with over 500 species of birds in this small area alone. Antelope, wild sheep and goats as well as wild asses and yaks can be found in the north. In the forested valleys live bears, lesser (red) pandas, silver foxes and leopards and in the south, rhesus macaques, langurs and other species of monkeys.

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TOUR PACKAGES

Markha Valley Trek


Duration: 13 Nights / 14 Days


Destination: Delhi - Leh - Marteslang - Chokdo - Latza Kongmaru - Kongmaru La.....

Frozen River Trek


Duration: 14 Nights / 15 Days


Destination: Delhi - Leh -
Sankar Gompa - Pishu - Latza
Chilling to Zaribago - Deepyokma ......

Rangdun & Padum Trek


Duration: 14 Nights / 15 Days


Destination: Leh - Lamayuru -
Suru Valley - Panikhar - Rangdum - Manichen - Darang Glacier ......

Spituk to Stok Trek


Duration: 07 Nights / 08 Days


Destination: Delhi - Leh -
Shey - Thiksey – Hemis - Spituk to Zingchen - Rumbak - Stokla .....

Lamayuru to Alchi Trek


Duration: 05 Nights / 06 Days


Destination: Leh - Lamayuru - Wanla - Urshi - Tarla - Tar - Mang Gyu - Gera - Alchi ......

White River Rafting - Zanskar


Duration: 12 Nights / 13 Days


Destination: Delhi - Leh -
Kargil - Rangdum - Remala - Karsha - Pidmo - Nyerak .......

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